Flow over back step: parametric studyThis is a classical case in Fluid Dynamics which has been investigated widely, experimentally as well as numerically. This flow configuration is sometimes used as a validation case for any numerical methods in Computational Fluid Dynamics. 
The computational domain used for this parametric study is described in following sketch. The two parameters related to this flow configurations are (a) Expansion Ratio (ratio of the height downstream the expansion to the height before expansion) and "Aspect Ratio" (ratio of width of the channel to that of height of channel before step expansion). 
The mesh generated using freemeshing in ICEM CFD is depicted below. The Tcl/Tk script used to create the geometry, generate high quality allquad mesh and extrude in normal direction can be accessed here. This script can be made fully parametric by defining appropriate variables. It is at the moment left to interested visitor. The boundary condition and conditions is shown in next image. The material property and other features of the simulation are:

The results with kε model is presented in following plots.The Y+ plot on the walls of the backstep, velocity contour and wall shear are shown here. 
The results with SST model is presented in following plots.From the previous two figures, contour plots of static and total pressures, one may observe that the static pressure is higher towards the exit, even after expansion losses in the sudden expansion at the back step.References:
