• Opinions, Water Conservation, Social Upliftment

It is about you - get noticed across the Globe!

Do You Want to Let the World Know Your Views?


Continuous improvement


aptitude test

Mathematics: Tips, Tricks, Brain Twisters

This blog contains topics related to basic maths tricks, puzzles, short-cut techniques like acronyms and mnemonics.

If you have a topic and article which you wish to publish on this webpage along with your name and contact details, please let us know and we will add it on this web page.


Documents on Partition of India Nehru Edvina

New Order of Human Societies

After technological advancements of last few decades and explosion of information flow, I was confused if it is progressive to human society as a whole or not. Then I thought of human evolution and conclude it must be progressive and needs to be handled and viewed appropriately. Then I watched and read mainstream media (news channels and news papers) and social media such as Twitter posts and found that they are spreading more hate and biases than bringing the people closer. My observations leaned towards a conclusion that human minds are so gullible and susceptible to inherent biases, the situation is likely to get worsened. My further investigation and reading historical documents lead to the fact that it is basic nature of human societies to fight for power and supremacy.

A more learned and well-off person may not necessarily be of high moral character, integrity and transparent. Few key behavioural characteristics which are becoming more prevalent in society are hypocrisy and opportunism though it has always been. The concepts like socialism, patriotism, nationism, naxalism, captialism, marxism, fascism, racisim, liberalism, leftism, rightism, neo-liberism... are adding fuel to the fire. People tend to call a firm person more and more authoritarian when some kind of unprecedented acts challenge status quo and dominance of some groups. This is natural and nothing unusual as stated earlier, it is human destiny to fight for supremacy and "individual correctness".

Then what are the causes of this increased divide and increasing polarization of the societies both at the local, cultural, ethnical and global levels? One of the reason I see is the globalization and change in deomegraphy associated with it. The national boundaries have become porous and people movement brings diversity. There are proponents of diversity and the same set of people advocate equality. Practically, equality and diversity are opposite and contradict to each other. In my opinion, the diminishing lines between national boundaries, religious boundaries and economical boundaries help prosperity to a point and then excesses start happening leading to backlashes. Remember the diveristy does not bring equality and may not bring equality ever! Like every human has a personal distance zone, boundaries which he/she would not like other person to come into while talking, interacting... a well-defined boundaries of the nations, economics, religion and ethnicity is a necessity to counter the challenges of rapid changes in demographies.

What do you think?


What are the top-1o challanges India and rest of the world is facing?

ten Challenges for India and World

Globalization, ethinicity and lost identity: as deomography change, one is continuously faced with his roots and true social identity. The identity like Non-Resident Indian (NRI) is intended towards managing the geo-economical (read tax) liabilities and has nothing to do with citizenship. Here the adjective Indian still refers to an Indian nationality. However, on the other hand the identity Person of Indian Origin (PIO) has neither any citizenship connotations not any social liabilities. Why will a person living few oceans away from India have any socio-cultural affiliation towards India just because his grandfathers were from Bharat. Similarly, the label "Indian American" itself is meaningless - a person can either be Indian or American national (though some countries permit dual citizenship and I label them a confused country). What are the moral resposibilities this "Indian American" citizen have towards the rest of the world and India in particular?

Sand Graphics

Internet and information overload: as new information as continuously uploaded (without mention of authentic references), how to ensure integrity and appropriateness of the information. While social media has given everybody an opportunity to express his views, it only led to instant gratifications. In fact it has become a weapon of mass destruction to mobilies humans more for unsocial causes than social uplift. I hardly see any trending topic or viral video dealing with merits and limitations of practical and economical solutions to water management and making Bharat drought-proof! In fact this notioanl "freedom of expression" has further reduced the distinction between followers and learned. There is growing tendency to selectively pick a topic as per one's convenience and ignore the rest.

This ease of telling the story has led to people boast how he dropped out of college and become a billionaire by hiring people who continued! I always wonder while watching their shows and talks, why on the Earth they did not hire only deliberate drop-outs. I recently watched "inspirational videos" from the author of the book "Rich Dad Poor Dad" where he has coined a term "Poor, Helpless, Desperate" for professionals with PhD degrees. He also claimed how he grew so rich investing in real estates and hotels. However good have been his intent, this may leave people with poor taste wondering whether those hotels were design and built by college drop-outs!


Trivia: विलोमपद / Palindrome: कनक, कड़क, कसक, कटक, जलज, जहाज, चम्मच, सरस, नाचना, नवजीवन, मलयालम, नयन, नमन, Noon, Civic, Rotor, Refer, Level, Radar, Madam, Deed, Racecar, Tenet

Technical Tyranny

Over the millenia, the religious group controlled the society through sermons, preaching and teachings. Once the religious and administrative activities were separated by 'secular' concepts, the political establishments and beauracrates wielded unchecked power and privileges. After the industrial revolution the big industry houses colluded with political power and called the shots from behind the scene.

Then came the print and visual media that shaped the public opinion in favour of the ruling party and industry. The latest payer is the social media who claim to democratize the media and holds true to the large extent. However, they are also run and supported by money-muscle power and hence I do not find anything surprising when Twitter suspended POTUS Donald Trump's account while he was still in power. It requires strong backings from establishments to take such actions!

You cannot fight with Twitter and similar platform from within. The only way is to create alternatives. SM is a media democratized to a large extent. Like short-comings of any democracy, it has its own perils! Create a positive vibe - ultimately this is what people get attracted to and create credibility! Do you agree?


Saturating science and no new breakthroughs: what is the latest developments in physics after quantum mechanics? Pitfalls of wealth inheritance: if we associate ourselves with competence and Karma, why children should inherit 100% of their parents' wealth? What is the selection process for promoter's sons/daughters. Can the govenment put a limit of 10% of inheritance or the brackets on inherited percentages similar to income tax slabs?

Parenthood- living one's life through their children. Why do we not reach our children to respect dignity of everybody which we encounter in our daily life. For example, I have heard my own son talking with disrespect to the garbage collector. After lot of counselling and scolding, there seems to be a change in his approach (and hopefully also in his attittutde).

Tea Pot


Ethics, morality and integrity: are they same or refer to different aspects of our behaviours and social responses? Do learned and well-educated people tend to perform better on ethical and moral grounds?

Why top management of companies, CEOs and individuals take credit of companies growth during good market conditions and blame the governement and policy-makers during bad times? Many of such behaviours are product of deeply ingrained cultural norms where blaming others and society as a whole is wise and respectful behaviour. Such habits get developed as once grow and reach to the level of CEO.

What is the definition of 'minorities'? If it is related to the numbers, why some minorities' are thriving and peaceful and the other group of 'minorities' always play victim card? It does not take a majority to prevail ... but rather an irate, tireless minority, keen on setting brushfires of freedom in the minds of men. -― Samuel Adams. For political scientist Andre Liebich, two key elements constituting a minority are inequality and inferiority, not merely numerical but substantial inferiority. In political parlance the word minority means such a weak community which because of both its number and capacity finds itself incapable of protecting itself in relation to a larger and more powerful community. राजनीतिक वैज्ञानिक आंद्रे लाइबिच के लिए, अल्पसंख्यक का गठन करने वाले दो प्रमुख तत्व असमानता और हीनता हैं, न केवल संख्यात्मक बल्कि पर्याप्त हीनता। राजनीतिक समानता में अल्पसंख्यक शब्द का अर्थ है ... ऐसा कमजोर समुदाय, जिसकी संख्या और क्षमता दोनों की वजह से खुद को बड़े और अधिक शक्तिशाली समुदाय के संबंध में खुद को बचाने में असमर्थ पाया जाता है।

Equal Opportunity Employer: Define key characteristics of selection and promotion processes for companies claiming EOE - Equal Opportunity Employer. Does the internal or as a matter of fact any referral system (to refer candidates which you know) not violate the equal opportunity concept? Do we really need to celebrate "Independence Day"? Is it not a way to forget and forgive the betrayals by our own people? At the same time, there is a demand by Indian intellectuals for apology and reparation by Britain to India. Is it not a way to protect the jamindaars and traitors who demonstrated absolute tyranny against their own brothers and sisters and society as a whole?

Why the VIP quota, staff quota, sibling quota, management quota... were introduced (and still widely used) long before caste-based reservation system was implemented? There is already a tacit reservation for few occupations (both religious and low-end like garbage handling).

How does the Facebook, Gmail and Twitter ensure that fake accounts are not created? Gmail was used to send a humiliating e-mail to me by one of ex-colleagues with fake name and fake e-mail account. Irony is that Google does not offer any help to address such cases in the name of privacy of the e-mail account holders.

Why to rating companies publish their findings when it would be more profitable to keep the secrets? What are the vested interests and who they want to serve with their findings? Until six days before Lehman Brothers collapsed in 2008, the ratings agency Standard & Poor's maintained the firm's investment-grade rating of 'A'. Moody's waited even longer, downgrading Lehman one business day before it collapsed.


textbook solution

Physics: Solved Examples

Refer to this page to access example problems in mechanics, simple harmonic motions, vibrations, collisions at college physics level.


advance physics

Advance Physics

Relativity, Super-conductivity, Quantum Mechanics! […]


aptitude test

Quiz: Aptitute Test

Quantitative Aptitude Test for Banking, SSC

stock market

Indian Stock Market and Trade Tiger

Tips and Tricks in Trade Tiger, Outlook and Views on Indian Stock Market
Confusing Media or Confused Media?
Do you watch recorded (and very often edited) debates on television shows? Very likely you will end up annoyed and confused! At the end you may not even remember the topic of discussion. If it does not match with your own beliefs or political and scial orientations, you may even feel that it was a utter waste of time. Agreed, freedom of speech is a fundamental right. However, increasingly members of societies have increases weigtage on their rights and ignoring their duties. Similar phenomena or transition is happening in visual media (television or YouTube). How can such debates broadcasted on the television channels be improved and increase the (intellectual) impact on its viewer? Few of the point worth implementing can be:
  • Have a written agenda / topic of discussion in the background for participants, moderator and viewers to see and keep in mind?
  • Any participant over phone lines should speak only when his / her name is called out by the moderator to do so. This is required to stop simultaneous talking which is so frequent now-a-days.
  • Set ground rules, agree on them as well as reward for adherence and punishment for violation.
  • Let following declarations by participants be visible in background during the show:
    • Political affiliation and / or orientation. Declare if otherwise.
    • Academic qualification and professional certification
    • Religious beliefs and followings: formal association with any organization
    • Social orientations: Capitalism, Marxism or Socialism
  • Moderator should spend some time explaining how the participants were chosen and why they are fit for the debate?
  • Make the discussion more qualitative rather than subjective. The participants sharing a fact must declare the reference.
  • Occasionally moderator should ask: "what is the question behind the question", "how is this answer related to the question?"
  • Sometimes even paticipants should challenge the moderator: "is the question related to the topic and agenda (agreed upon at the beginning of the show)?"
  • Both participants and moderator should learn the power of silence: let there be 3-5 seconds gap between one speaker to the other. They should control their emotions while on air.
  • Not all questions should be and need to be answered by every participants. Worse, no counterview needs to be presented to every view expressed on the show.
The higher emotions go, the lower thinking goes. It gets even worse when people want to judge others based on their actions and liked to get judged based on their intentions. The "danger of emotionally charged reasoning" is clearly visible in the television debates, comments to news articles, response to Facebook posts. Biases and prejudices are an integral part of human thinking and belief systems. However, it has become a widespread mental sickness when larger fraction of population started thinking that only they are right, others are wrong. Nowadays I spent a good amount of time gauging the reader's response to news articles and post and even response to the comments from other readers. It is surprizing how people start designating the piece of news as governement's propaganda. In my opinion, the response comes from the (tacit) expectations from governements to be fair, unbiased and sincere. However, the fact remains that no government or its actions can be fair, upright and reasonable to every citizen of the country. Same is true with media and debates.

The participants should be briefed before the start of discussion on how to deal with objection. Use of qualifiers like 'always', 'never' aggravates the matter. Some probing questions like "I undetstand your view points ... could you help me what makes you say so?" will keep the discussion focussed and not digress the topic.

Science vs. Religion
  • Science:
    • open to interpretation, logic and change of views. The quantum mechanics challenged the classical Newtonian mechanics and it was reviewed, verfied, challenged and accepted to the benfit to all.
    • There is no authority in science and all theories and viewpoints are subject to continuous challenge without fear of revenge or reprisal. There is a planned and purposeful review and critique of every work. There are innumerable authors on same topic enriching the subject.
    • Any 'smaller' group of researcher or scientist are not given special treatment and decision process tends to be more based on metricracy, mathematics and logic; hardly on hypocricy.
    • Scientific research labs are also open to inspection and audits by competent authority, either to check the compliance to local law for human safety or environment emissions.
  • Religion:
    • there is no place for alternate interpretation, logic and change of views in religious thinking process and customs. First and foremost there exists a strong authoritative hierarchy with strong (but not corroborated why) dos and don'ts.
    • The processes, customs and religion-based belief system are not only too rigid, but also there is strong bias and (tacit) hatred towards other religions.
    • The (supposed and self-styled) guargdian of the religions believe in fear-mongering (it sells so easily), complex definitions such as 'minority', intolerance, 'secularism' ... There is hardly any scope for acceptance of an alternate interpretation of the scriptures. Even if it is, it is opaqely controlled by small fraction of people whose selection is equally opaque.
    • The decision is mostly imposed and hardly debated or explained in public. The decision process tend to be more based on hypocricy and emotions, never on logic and meritocracy. For example, there are non-vegetarion elites who promote vegetarion foods in the name of religion, there are intense (again elite and higher in authority pyramid) alchoholics demanding ban on alcholos for normal people citing the reference of religious scriptures.
    • Religious places are not open to inspection and audits by competent authority even if there are reports (and preliminary evidences) of illegal and immoral activities.

False Dichotomy of Team Work

A misconception called "team spirit" - having teams is a pratical compulsion. At the same time, the words and concepts like team-spirit, team work ... are overused and abused. In cricket, have you heard of "best batting pair of the match" but there is "man of the match", have you noticed reward of best "bowling team" but there is "highest wicket taker of the series". In football, have you heard of the best "team of defenders" or "team of strikers" but there is recognition for "best defender" or "best striker".

Formal and informal roles in a team

  Most of the teams are not able to realize the full potential because the team is not able to maintain the identity of each individual and not able to define and assign the activities as per the strengths and temperament of the members.

Lead Industry, Applications Tools Team
Responsibilities (Duties) Previleges (Rights) Names Member Duties Rights
Assess team capabilities
Allocate work, create pipeline
Review deliverables
Monitor targets
Forecast and bill revenue
Allocate tasks
Allocate shifts
Depute and delegate
Set targets
Upgrade skills
A Automotive FLUENT, CFX, ICEM CFD X11 Gupta, X12 Murthy, X13 Kumar Ensure Quality, Cost and Schedule
Get trained and skilled
Adhere company norms
Avoid being followed-up
Raise concerns in-time
Seek help, avoid delay
Get feedbacks
Attend trainings
B FMCG, Process Industry FLUENT, CFD-Post, FM Y11 Sinha, Y12 Kumar, Y13 Pandey
C Machinery, Buildings ANSA, STAR-CCM+ Z11 Yadav, Z12 Kumar, Z13 Prabhu
D Electronic Cooling ICEPAK, FloTHERM U11 Verma, U12 Singh, U13 Sarkar
E Aerospace, Medical FLUENT, OpenFOAM, SU2 V11 Pawar, V12 Gowda, V13 Rao
Prepare training modules
Assess competency gaps
Demand status of project issues
Enforce project reivews
G Specialist and Subject Matter Expert
FLUENT, ICEM CFD, FLUENT Mesher Engines, Multi-phase Flows, Combustion, Cavitation, Turbo-machines
H Specialist and Subject Matter Expert
ANSA, STAR-CCM+ Acoustics, Fluid-Structure Interaction, Erosion, Multi-physics

Commmon steps to outsource engineering activities: RFQ: Request for Quotation, SOW: Statement of Work

Steps Description of Activity Responsibility Lead Time [days]
Step-1: Prepare RFQ or SOW document A 2
Step-2: Get quotations from at least two vendors B 3
Step-3: Prepare business case and get approval from Department Head
  1. Reason: peak load, competency gap...
  2. Forecast of utilization of internal resources (manpower, hardware, software)
  3. Profit margin
B 3
Step-4: Create purchase request or get it created A 1
Step-5: Get the PO released Finance 5
Step-6: Upload the documents and inputs for execution of task by vendor A 1

Freedom of Speech

How would you decided if a statment or speech qualify the benchmarks of "Freedom of Speech"?
  • It should not hurt the sentiments, dignity and beliefs of others.
  • The personal pronouns (he, she, they, you..) used in statements by the speaker should accept if all of these personal pronous are appropriately replaced by "I, me, my and ours".
  • The statements should be based on evidences (large samples and not selected few or recent ones).
  • The speaker must understand that "expressing an opinion is not free", it comes at a cost. It has limits and there is a thin line after which is can be construed to spreading of hate.
  • Sincerity of the speaker and importance of sounding sincere (claim to have compassion or sympathy) also influence if the speaker comply to freedom of speech or not.

Productivity definition and drawbacks

Britain's last coal power plants to close by 2025 (www.theguardian.com), Jet Airways leaves 350 pilots high and dry - cuts salary citing lesser workload (economictimes.indiatimes.com), Mario Draghi faces easing dilemma as strong euro sparks concern (www.investing.com). One may ask how these three distinct piece of news headline are related? They are not related indeed, but pointing a distant trouble looming and ballooning in subtle way! We are entering into era of extremely high productivity! And the rewards for inefficiencies will be higher in future than the rewards for higher productivity. There is rush for the countries to keep their currency weaker than others (a sign of low local demand, high efficiency, high productivity but less consuming economy).

Methods of continuous improvement

Coming back to the topic of productivity, there are reports and articles describing (not explaining) the superiority of certain geographical regions in terms of productivity of human capital. Most of them do not distinguish the working conditions or portray the complete picture. Say, how can a revenue per employee of $2000/hour in European countries be compared to revenue of $500/hour in India? What are the other factors to be considered and in what fraction and weightage? How does salary, level of automation, skill, the price of the prodcuts and local market conditions affect the value "revenue per employee"?

Can the GDP of a country grow while unemployement rate increase? This is a very likely scenario due to following reasons:
  • Automation in the industry leading to lesser job opportunities while automation not generating enough alternate employment.
  • Increase in growth rate of "employable" population exceeding the job growth rate. This will lead to GDP growth but employment rate will stagnate or reduce.
  • Change in nature of job such as migration of work-force from labour intensive market to niche skill market. For example, reduction in textile industry and increase in financial services.
  • Effect of currency exchange rate: keeping everything same, if the exchange rate of the currency of a country changes significantly, the GDP value will change depending upon the nature of economy: whetehr it is export oriented or internal consumption driven.
  • Increase in retirement age of the working people or business owners. The "replacement opportunities" reduces as people tend to work longer into their life.
  • Change in definition of employable population: should everybody above 16 years of age be considered or should it be > 18 years? should the house-wives be considered employable even if they are not willing to?
  • Reduction in part time employment opportunities: with increase in social and electronic media, the demand for print media has reduced drastically. The employment related to newspaper distribution decrease in numbers will not same level of increase in number in the new job opportunities.
  • How and when the data is generated / gathered? What is the uncertainties in numerator and denominator?
  • Employment-to-population ratio (EPR) should be used in conjunction with the employment rate (%) to get a braoder view of the job market.
  • Other factors to be taken into account are different caterogies such as (a)% of regular wage/salaried workers without written job contracts, (b)% of regular workers not eligible for social benefits such as EPF, paid leaves, (c) % of casual labourers ...

Unemployment rate in India

labour Participation Rate in India

Should the government be held accountable for failure of privately-held organizations (Jet Airways, Reliance Communications...)?
  • Any government and its regulatory / monitoring bodies are 'responsible' for such outcomes. They may or may not be held 'accountable':
    • Such failure does not happen overnight. Were the auditors of these companies qualified and truthful?
    • If companies were listed, was the financial conditions adequately circulated in a manner easy to understand by normal (retail) investors?
    • Did the company fail due to its own inefficiencies or was the industry in general in stress?
  • Recently (Nov 2019) watched, read and heard many debates about fear among (industry) leaders to speak against the government for the dire state of the economy (4.5% GDP). I could never get hold of detail description of the punitive action the government can take, though it is a open secret that the governements resort to IT-raids, CBI enquiries and dealy in approval of loans... But if the industrialists are so honest in their dealings, why one should be afraid of? When they talk about fear from government, how open their CEOs and board of directors are towards criticism from their employees? It is a open secret that private companies are as or even more corrupt than public sector - they take loan with intent of never paying back the interest? Paradoxically, when political leaders complain about fear of reprisal from governments, how bold are they to criticise their own leadership of the party (read high-command)?
  • If we blame government for the lower growth rate of GDP and weaker economy, are we willing to give the government credit for higher growth rate of GDP and stronger economy? As a matter of fact, in market-driven economy tightly coupled with global macro-economics, it is not easy to find a plausible explanation. When the CEOs of company reason that bad performence is due to poor market conditions, why they take all the credits of good performance during better market conditions?
Engineering Expertize vs. Tool Skill
An interior designer for household application needs to know basic of carpentry. Utimately his designs has to be converted into tangible products using contemporary manufacturing processes and material in a cost effective manner. Does this mean carpentry is a bad profession and interior designing is high-end profession? The anwer is clearly no. Both are specialization in their own essence and complement each other for a better product - the stylish, durable and user-friendly home interiors.

Similar analogy holds true in case of a "CAD modeling engineer" and a "product design engineer" or a "FEA Analyst" and "Structural Integrity Engineer" or a "CFD Analyst" and a "Thermal and Fluid Engieer". CAD Designer is an specialization so is any "FE and CFD analysis" work within their own boundaries. Sometimes we do not want to associate the term 'engineer' or 'engineering' with CAD modeling related stuff. This is required to keep the activities of "product design" and "process of graphical representation of product" distinguishable. While a product design process involves finding answers like "why the dimension and tolerance of the product should have certain value", CAD modeling involves a method to represent the dimensions as per standards and conventions in place.

Similarly, a design engineer may not need to know why and how a FE or CFD simulation is performed, he must know what is needed to carry out such simulations and what outputs from those simulation is needed to ensure his design meets the required specifications. On the same note, an FEA or thermal simulation engineer is not required to know why product is designed the way it is shaped and sized, he must know the key performance parameters which is to be validated to help the design engineer make informed decision.

Steps of product design


SMART Rating

SMART rating definitions

Example template for SMART target setting:

SMART Target Setting Template


Example template for SMART evaluation of a candidate for a particular job role:

SMART Evaluation of a candidate

Boundaries between evaluation and feedback: any information that goes into formal performance review tend to put employee on backfoot and make them scary. Beware of transparency trap: transparency in dealings is expected to drive out wasteful practices and promote collaboration and shared learning. However, it may also lead to distortions of the facts and tacit inhibitions. The trick is to find the sweet spot between privacy and transparency. Greater transparency within teams and selective opacities between teams tend to be more effective.

Hawthorne effect: subjects improve simply in response to being studied.

Poor or ineffective communication: I have seen people and HR managers complaining about proper or (in)sufficient communication. But what is communication? It is exchange and spread of information. If e-mails with all necessary details are sent, the information is already shared in written and partly in visual mode. But, there are 3 modes of information exhange: text, audio, visual. The effectiveness of communication mode depends on the personality of the recepients.


Manager Type

Types of Managers
  • Empathy - Understand what motivates other people, even those from different backgrounds? Are you sensitive to their needs?
  • Influence - Persuade others by engaging them in discussion, appealing to their interests and getting support from key people?
  • Developing Others Coach and mentor others with compassion? Do you personally invest time and energy in mentoring and provide feedback that people find helpful for their professional development?
Goal of collaboration is not collaboration but, rather, business results that would be impossible without it. Don’t underestimate collaboration costs. Individuals may resent taking on extra work if they don’t get additional recognition or financial incentives, even when collaboration may deliver expected and immediate benefits to all the parties. It’s a mistake to underestimate the collaboration cost in the hope that it can be mandated or will naturally improve during the course of a project.

Johari Window

This technique proposes to make the central white box as wide as possible.

Types of Managers

Prospective Hindsight (premortem): this technique helps identify potential problems - imagine future failure and then explain the cause. It tempers optimism, encourage a realistic assessment of risk prepare back-up plans and exit strategies. Planning fallacy - a failure to plan is planning for failure!


Self-Management

बुरा जो देखन मैं चला, बुरा न मिलिया कोय, जो दिल खोजा आपना, मुझसे बुरा न कोय।

अर्थ: जब मैं इस संसार में बुराई खोजने चला तो मुझे कोई बुरा न मिला। जब मैंने अपने मन में झाँक कर देखा तो पाया कि मुझसे बुरा कोई नही!

Bura Jo Dekhan Main Chala, Bura Naa Milya Koye, Jo Munn Khoja Apnaa, To Mujhse Bura Naa Koye!

Translation: I went on the search for the bad person, bad personal I couldn't find. When I searched my mind, no one is nastier then me.

Meaning: This is about observing one's own mind. Kabir says that he searched the world for the bad guy, the real evil person but he couldn't find the evil person no matter where he looked. Then he looked within at his own thinking process, his own mind. He found the real evil person who lived in his mind, unchecked. When we accuse, condemn another, it is our mind that is doing the finger pointing, the other person is probably innocent or the victim of his circumstances.


कंकर-पत्थर जोरि के मस्जिद लई बनाय| ता चढ़ि मुल्ला बांग दे का बहरा भया खुदाय||

पाथर पूजें हरि मिलें तो मैं पूजूं पहाड़| घर की चाकी कोऊ ना पूजे जाका पीसा खाए संसार ||


धीरे-धीरे रे मना, धीरे सब कुछ होय | माली सींचे सौ घड़ा, ॠतु आए फल होय॥

बोली एक अनमोल है, जो कोई बोलै जानि। हिये तराजू तौलि के, तब मुख बाहर आनि।।

निंदक नियरे राखिए, ऑंगन कुटी छवाय। बिन पानी, साबुन बिना, निर्मल करे सुभाय।।

Save Water
With rising population and uncertainties in weather patterns, water management needs a critical attention from everybody: ordinary citizen to the governement. We all need to do our bit to address this concern and make the water available to all. One of the way water is wasted in urban households is through discharge from RO-based water purifiers. We all can store the discharge water in a small tank and use it for cleaning utensils and even pre-cleaning of raw vegetables. Be aware that the water discharged by the RO-system will certainly be purer than that in overhead tank.

Water storage from a RO-purifier

Some of the rainwater harvesting techniques described in the book "Making Water Everybody's Business" by Centre of Science and Environment" are shown below.

Rainwater harvesting method-01

Rainwater harvesting method-02

Rainwater harvesting method-03

Rainwater harvesting method-04


Meeting invites and inbox clean-up

The e-mail technology has revolutionalized communication and exchange of information. It has become a tool to provide information and data quicker maintaining history, correctness and authenticity. It has wider (sometimes uncontrolled) reach to audiences / recepients.

However, with changing technology the impact and effect of e-mails need to be periodically reviewed and necessary corrective and preventive actions need to be implemented across the organization. New users as well as existing users need to be re-trained and explained the limiations and forthcoming challenges. One of the key challenge is size of inboxes which need to be pruned by deleting obsolete contents. Some of them are meeting acceptance or decline messages, meeting messages which remain in 'deleted' folder, birth day wishes (birthday wishes for 2018 can be deleted after next birth day in 2019)! A machine learning alogorithm can be developed to identify such obsolete messages, similar to the way spam messages are filtered now-a-days.

With increasing use of carbon copies (CC list), the inbox sometimes get flooded beyond human capability to read and respond. An ever increasing trend to put receipients as optional in meeting invites pose even greater threat to the efficiency and effectiveness of key roles. The calendars remain virtually full and employees of all levels do not show courage or willingness to send the 'decline' responses when they think their presence are not needed. Most of the meeting invites I receive now a days have more number of optional attendees than required attendees.

Following steps are needed to address this problem before it becomes a burden:

  • A meeting invitation cannot be generated if the schedule is in conflict with more than 50% of the participants.
  • No meeting should be generated or accepted if it does not have a well-defined agenda.
  • If you are not able to attend, 'decline'! Organizations need to find out what is preventing people from not responding to the meeting invites?
Human Biases

Also known as cognitive distortions, there are inherent weaknesses in human thought-process as well as decision making. Not all decisions we make in our daily life are based on logical evaluation of pros and cons or use of checklists. While crossing the road, we do not try to guess the vehicle speed and time taken to cross the road. Most of the decision makings are based on intuition and heuristics. For example, we tend to 'believe' a good looking person or lady! As a climate is combination of weathers, biases are like 'climate', influenced by personal experiences, conditioning, training, upbringings, social circumstances, education...

https://www.ucl.ac.uk/clinical-psychology/competency-maps
All or nothing (binary) thinking Also referred as Polarized Thinking, Black and White Thinking or "my way or high way thinking", this refers to viewing a situation in only two categories rather than on a broader perspective (e.g. classifying events or beliefs as either good (right) or bad (wrong).
Catastrophising Predicting the future negatively without considering alternative outcomes disqualifying or discounting the positive – telling yourself that positive experiences/ qualities do not count. Usually the person exaggerates (or inappropriately shrink) the importance of insignificant events.
Emotional Reasoning "If I feel that way, it must be true". Reasoning from how you feel rather than from any evidence.
Labelling Putting a fixed, global label on self or others without considering evidence that would lead to a less disastrous conclusion magnification / minimisation - exaggerating the negative and minimising the positive (blowing things out of proportion or shrinking their importance). It usually involves use of words and language that is highly colored and emotionally loaded.
Selective Abstraction Paying undue attention to negative detail rather than seeing the whole picture.
Mind-reading Making (negative) assumptions about the way in which others think about you when there is no evidence for this.
Over-generalisation Drawing a sweeping conclusions from a single of few incidents and applying it to related and to unrelated situations.
Personalisation Relating external events to yourself when there is no basis for making such a connection. It is literally taking everything personally, even when something is not meant in that way.
Imperatives statements Excessive use of 'should' and 'must' as a way of having an overprecise idea of how they and others should behave. Over-estimating the consequences of how bad it would be not to meet these expectations. It often leads to feeling of anger, frustration and resentment.

Power of Subconscious Mind

From the book "The Power of Your Subconscious Mind" by Dr. Joseph Murphy

Once you learn the habit of identifying your thought immediately with your aim in life, you cease to become upset with people, conditions, news and events.The statements of others cannot hurt you except through your own thoughts and mental participation.

Thoughts enveloped in the power emotion of fear are realized in the subconscious mind. The fear of failure itself creates the experience of failure, e.g. by way of temporary amnesia.


Fun World


Wrong e-mail address: The husband checked into the hotel. There was a computer in his room, so he decided to send an e-mail to his wife. However, he accidentally typed wrong e-mail address, and without realizing his error, he sent the e-mail. Meanwhile.....somewhere in Houston, a widow had just returned home from her husband's funeral. He was a minister of many years who was called home to glory following a sudden heart attack. The widow decided to check her e-mail, expecting messages from relatives and friends.

After reading the first message, she fainted. The widow's son rushed into the room, found his mother on the floor, and saw the computer screen which read:

> To: My Loving Wife
> Subject: I've arrived
> Date: 16 May 2002
> I know you're surprised to hear from me. They have computers here now, and you are allowed to send e-mails to your loved ones. I've just arrived and have been checked in. I see that everything has been prepared for your arrival tomorrow. Looking forward to seeing you then! Hope your journey is as uneventful as mine was.
Salesman in Arab: The disappointed salesman of Coke returns from his Middle East assignment. A friend asked, "Why weren't you successful with the Arabs?"

The salesman explained, "When I got posted in the Middle East, I was very confident that I will make a good sales pitch as Coca Cola is virtually unknown there. But, I had a problem I didn't know to speak Arabic. So, I planned to convey the message through 3 posters. First poster was of a man crawling through the hot desert sand totally exhausted and panting. Second, the man is drinking our Cola and Third, our man is now totally refreshed. Then these posters were pasted all over the place".

"That should have worked", said the friend."

He replied, "Well, I didn't know Arabic, neither did I realize that Arabs read from right to left."


Funny responses:

How can you drop a raw egg onto a concrete floor without cracking it?

  • Concrete floors are very hard to crack!

If it took eight men ten hours to build a wall, how long would it take four men to build it?

  • No time at all! It is already built.

If you had three apples and four oranges in one hand and four apples and three oranges in the other hand, what would you have?

  • Very large hands.

How can you lift an elephant with one hand?

  • It is not a problem, since you will never find an elephant with one hand.

How can a man go eight days without sleep?

  • He sleeps at night.

If you throw a red stone into the blue sea what it will become?

  • It becomes wet.

What looks like half apple?

  • The other half.

What happened when wheel was invented?

  • It caused a revolution.

Why is it easy to weigh a fish?

  • Because it has its own scales!

Why does a bike rest on its leg?

  • Because it is too tired!

Bay of Bengal is in which state?

  • Liquid

Synonyms with situation

  • छू लो तो - चरण
  • अड़ा दो तो - टांग
  • धँस जाए तो - पैर
  • आगे बढ़ाना हो तो - क़दम
  • राह में चिह्न छोड़े तो - पद
  • प्रभु के हों तो - पाद
  • बाप की हो तो - लात
  • गधे की पड़े तो - दुलत्ती
  • घुंघरू बाँध दो तो - पग
  • खाने के लिए - टंगड़ी
  • खेलने के लिए - लंगड़ी

Reference: अमित शुक्ल 'अमित आनंद'  at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z7K_uNKqgMc

प्रेम का सागर लिखूं, या चेतना का चिंतन लिखूं| प्रीति की गागर लिखूं,  या आत्मा का मंथन लिखूं||
रहोगे तुम फिर भी अपरिभाषित, चाहे जितना लिखूं....

ज्ञानियों का गुंथन लिखूं, या गाय का ग्वाला लिखूं.. कंस के लिए विष लिखूं, या भक्तों का अमृत प्याला लिखूं।
रहोगे तुम फिर भी अपरिभाषित चाहे जितना लिखूं....

पृथ्वी का मानव लिखूं, या निर्लिप्त योगेश्वर लिखूं। चेतना चिंतक लिखूं,  या संतृप्त देवेश्वर लिखूं ।।
रहोगे तुम फिर भी अपरिभाषित चाहे जितना लिखूं....

जेल में जन्मा लिखूं, या गोकुल का पलना लिखूं। देवकी की गोदी लिखूं, या यशोदा का ललना लिखूं ।।
रहोगे तुम फिर भी अपरिभाषित चाहे जितना लिखूं....

गोपियों का प्रिय लिखूं, या राधा का प्रियतम लिखूं। रुक्मणि का श्री लिखूं, या सत्यभामा का श्रीतम लिखूं।।
रहोगे तुम फिर भी अपरिभाषित चाहे जितना लिखूं....

देवकी का नंदन लिखूं,  या यशोदा का लाल लिखूं। वासुदेव का तनय लिखूं,  या नंद का गोपाल लिखूं।।
रहोगे तुम फिर भी अपरिभाषित चाहे जितना लिखूं....
 
नदियों-सा बहता लिखूं,  या सागर-सा गहरा लिखूं। झरनों-सा झरता लिखूं, या प्रकृति का चेहरा लिखूं।।
रहोगे तुम फिर भी अपरिभाषित चाहे जितना लिखूं....

आत्मतत्व चिंतन लिखूं, या प्राणेश्वर परमात्मा लिखूं। ्थिर चित्त योगी लिखूं,  या यताति सर्वात्मा लिखूं।।
रहोगे तुम फिर भी अपरिभाषित चाहे जितना लिखूं.....
 
कृष्ण तुम पर क्या लिखूं,  कितना लिखूं... रहोगे तुम फिर भी अपरिभाषित चाहे जितना लिखूं....

Ramdhari Singh ‘Dinkar’
क्षमा, दया, तप, त्याग, मनोबल सबका लिया सहारा | पर नर व्याघ सुयोधन तुमसे कहो कहाँ कब हारा?
Mercy, resolve, tact, tolerance you’ve tried everything and some. But o my king of men when did Suyodhan succumb?
क्षमाशीलहो ॠपु-समक्ष तुम हुये विनीत जितना ही| दुष्ट कौरवों ने तुमको कायर समझा उतना ही||
The more forgiving you were in your humane compassion. The more these rouge Kauravas pegged you as cowardly ashen.
अत्याचार सहन करने का कुफल यही होता है| पौरुष का आतंक मनुज कोमल होकर खोता है||
This is the consequence of tolerating atrocities. The awe of machismo is lost when one is gentle and kindly.
क्षमा शोभती उस भुजंग को जिसके पास गरल है| उसका क्या जो दंतहीन विषरहित विनीत सरल है||
Forgiveness is becoming of the serpent that’s got venom. None cares for the toothless, poisonless, kind, gentle one.
तीन दिवस तक पंथ मांगते रघुपति सिंधु किनारे| बैठे पढते रहे छन्द अनुनय के प्यारे प्यारे||
For three days Lord Ram kept asking the ocean for a passage. Sitting there he petitioned using the sweetest words to engage.
उत्तर में जब एक नाद भी उठा नही सागर से| उठी अधीर धधक पौरुष की आग राम के शर से||
When in response there was not a whisper from the sea. A raging fire of endeavor rose from Ram’s body.
सिंधु देह धर त्राहि-त्राहि करता आ गिरा शरण में| चरण पूज दासता गृहण की बंधा मूढ़ बन्धन में||
The ocean took human-form and supplicated to Ram. Touched his feet, was subservient a slave he had become.
सच पूछो तो शर में ही बसती है दीप्ति विनय की| संधिवचन सम्पूज्य उसीका जिसमे शक्ति विजय की||
Truth be told, it’s in the quiver that lies the gleam of modesty. Only his peace-talk is reputable who is capable of victory.
सहनशीलता, क्षमा, दया को तभी पूजता जग है| बल का दर्प चमकता उसके पीछे जब जगमग है||
Tolerance, forgiveness and clemency are respected by the world. Only when the glow of strength from behind them is unfurled.

आज़ादी अभी अधूरी है।

पन्द्रह अगस्त का दिन कहता – आज़ादी अभी अधूरी है। सपने सच होने बाक़ी हैं, राखी की शपथ न पूरी है॥
जिनकी लाशों पर पग धर कर आजादी भारत में आई। वे अब तक हैं खानाबदोश ग़म की काली बदली छाई॥
कलकत्ते के फुटपाथों पर जो आंधी-पानी सहते हैं। उनसे पूछो, पन्द्रह अगस्त के बारे में क्या कहते हैं॥
हिन्दू के नाते उनका दुख सुनते यदि तुम्हें लाज आती। तो सीमा के उस पार चलो सभ्यता जहाँ कुचली जाती॥
इंसान जहाँ बेचा जाता, ईमान ख़रीदा जाता है। इस्लाम सिसकियाँ भरता है,डालर मन में मुस्काता है॥
भूखों को गोली नंगों को हथियार पिन्हाए जाते हैं। सूखे कण्ठों से जेहादी नारे लगवाए जाते हैं॥
लाहौर, कराची, ढाका पर मातम की है काली छाया। पख़्तूनों पर, गिलगित पर है ग़मगीन ग़ुलामी का साया॥
बस इसीलिए तो कहता हूँ आज़ादी अभी अधूरी है। कैसे उल्लास मनाऊँ मैं? थोड़े दिन की मजबूरी है॥
दिन दूर नहीं खंडित भारत को पुनः अखंड बनाएँगे। गिलगित से गारो पर्वत तक आजादी पर्व मनाएँगे॥
उस स्वर्ण दिवस के लिए आज से कमर कसें बलिदान करें। जो पाया उसमें खो न जाएँ, जो खोया उसका ध्यान करें॥
– अटल बिहारी वाजपेयी – Atal Bihari Vajpayee


वन्देमातरम
वन्देमातरम गीत नहीं मैं मंत्र हूँ जीने-मरने का| बना रहे हथियार मुझे क्यों अपनो से ही लड़ने का|

जिनने अपनाया मुझको वे सबकुछ अपना भूल गए, मात्रु -भूमि पर जिए-मरे हंस-हंस फंसी पर झूल गए|
वीर शिवा,राणा,हमीद लक्ष्मीबाई से अभिमानी, भगतसिंह,आजाद,राज,सुख औ बिस्मिल से बलिदानी|
अवसर चूक न जाना उनके पद-चिन्हों पर चलने का, वन्देमातरम गीत नहीं मैं मंत्र हूँ जीने-मरने का|

करनेवाले काम बहुत हैं व्यर्थ उलझनों को छोड़ो, मुल्ला-पंडित तोड़ रहे हैं तुम खुद अपनों को जोड़ो|
भूख,बीमारी,बेकारी,दहशत गर्दी को मिटाना है, ग्लोबल-वार्मिंग चुनौती से अपना विश्व बचाना है|
हम बदलें तो युग बदले बस मंत्र यही है सुधरने का, वन्देमातरम गीत नहीं मैं मंत्र हूँ जीने-मरने का|

चंदा-तारे सुख देते पर पोषण कभी नहीं देते, केवल धरती माँ से ही ये वृक्ष जीवन रस लेते|
जननी और जन्म-भूमि को ज़न्नत से बढ़कर मानें, पूर्वज सारे एक हमारे इसी तथ्य को पहचानें|
जागो-जागो यही समय है अपनीं जड़ें पकडनें का| वन्देमातरम गीत नहीं मैं मंत्र हूँ जीने-मरने का|

Month of Birth and Dominant Personality
Though there is no scientific or statistical proof, I found the following list too good to use it during annual performance appraisals, personality evaluations and feedback sessions :) However, I strogly advise readers to use the traits judiciously and only after collecting sufficient evidences.

JANUARY: Ambitious and serious *Loves to teach and be taught *Always looking at people's flaws and weaknesses *Likes to criticize *Hardworking and productive *Smart, neat and organized *Sensitive and has deep thoughts *Knows how to make others happy *Quiet unless excited or tensed *Rather reserved *Highly attentive *Homely person *Loyal *Needs to improve social abilities *Easily jealous

FEBRUARY: Abstract thoughts *Loves reality and abstract *Intelligent and clever *Changing personality *Temperamental *Quiet, shy and humble *Low self esteem *Honest and loyal *Determined to reach goals *Loves freedom *Rebellious when restricted *Loves aggressiveness *Too sensitive and easily hurt *Showing anger easily *Dislike unnecessary things *Loves making friends but rarely shows it *Daring and stubborn *Ambitious *Realizing dreams and hopes *Loves entertainment and leisure *Superstitious and ludicrous (nonsensical) *Spendthrift *Learns to show emotions

MARCH: Attractive personality *Affectionate *Shy and reserved *Secretive *naturally honest, generous and sympathetic *Loves peace and serenity *Sensitive to others *Loves to serve others *Not easily angered *Trustworthy *Appreciative and returns kindness *Observant and assess others *Revengeful *Loves to dream and fantasize *Loves travelling *Loves attention *Loves home decors *musically talented *Loves special things *Moody

APRIL: Active and dynamic *Decisive and hasteful but tends to regret *Attractive and affectionate to oneself *Strong mentality *Loves attention *Diplomatic *Consoling *Friendly and solves people's problems *Brave and fearless *Adventurous *Loving and caring *Suave and generous *Emotional *Revengeful *Aggressive *Hasty *Good memory *Motivate oneself and the others *easily get too jealous

MAY: Stubborn and hard-hearted *Strong-willed and highly motivated *Sharp thoughts *Easily angered *Attracts others and loves attention *Deep feelings *Beautiful physically and mentally *Firm standpoint *Easily influenced *Needs no motivation *Easily consoled *Systematic (left brain) *Loves to dream *Strong clairvoyance *Understanding *Good imagination *Good debating skills *Good physical *Weak breathing *Loves literature and the arts *Loves travelling *Dislike being at home *Restless *Hardworking *High spirited *Spendthrift

JUNE: Thinks far with vision *Easily influenced by kindness *Polite and soft-spoken *Having lots of ideas *Sensitive *Active mind *Hesitating *Tends to delay *Choosy and always wants the best *Temperamental *Funny and humorous *Loves to joke *Good debating skills *Talkative *Daydreamer *Friendly *Knows how to make friends *Abiding *Able to show character *Easily hurt *Loves to dress up *Easily bored *Fussy *Seldom show emotions *Brand conscious *Executive *Stubborn *Those who loves me are enemies *Those who hates me are friends

JULY: Fun to be with *Secretive *Difficult to fathom and to be understood *Quiet unless excited or tensed *Takes pride in oneself *Easily consoled *Honest *Concern about people's feelings *Tactful *Friendly *Very emotional *Temperamental and unpredictable *Forgiving but never forgets *Dislike nonsensical and unnecessary things *Guides others physically and mentally *Sensitive and forms impressions carefully *Caring and loving *Treats others equally *Strong sense of sympathy *Judge people through observations *Loves to be alone *Always broods about the past and the old friends *Likes to be quiet *Homely person *Never looks for friends *Not aggressive unless provoked *Easily hurt but takes long to recover

AUGUST: Loves to joke *Attractive *Suave and caring *Brave and fearless *Firm and has leadership qualities *Knows how to console others *Too generous and egoistic *Take high pride of oneself *Thirsty for praises *Extraordinary spirit *Easily angered *Angry when provoked *Easily jealous *Observant *Careful and cautious *Thinks quickly *Independent thoughts *Loves to lead and to be led *Loves to dream *Talented in the arts, music and defense *Sensitive but not petty *Learns to relax *Hasty and rushy *Loving and caring *Loves to make friends

SEPTEMBER: Suave and compromising *Careful, cautious and organized *Likes to point out people's mistakes *Likes to criticize *Quiet but able to talk well *Calm and cool *Kind and sympathetic *Concerned and detailed *Trustworthy, loyal and honest *Does work well *Sensitive *Good memory *Clever and knowledgeable *Controls oneself when criticized *Able to motivate oneself *Understanding *Secretive *Loves sports, leisure and travelling *Hardly shows emotions *Tends to bottle up feelings *Systematic

OCTOBER: Loves to chat *Loves those who loves him *Loves to takes things at the centre *Attractive and suave *Inner and physical beauty *Does not lie or pretend *Sympathetic *Treats friends importantly *Always making friends *Easily hurt but recovers easily *Bad tempered *Selfish *Seldom helps unless asked *Daydreamer *Very opinionated *Does not care of what others think *Emotional *Decisive *Soft-spoken, loving and caring *Touchy and easily jealous *Concerned *Just and fair *Spendthrift and easily influenced *Easily lose confidence

NOVEMBER: Has lot of ideas *Difficult to fathom *Thinks forward *Unique and brilliant *Extraordinary ideas *Sharp thinking *Careful and cautious *Dynamic in personality *Secretive *Inquisitive *Knows how to dig secrets *Always thinking *Less talkative but amiable *Brave and generous *Patient *Stubborn and hard-hearted *Determined *Never give up *Hardly become angry unless provoked *Loves to be alone *Thinks differently from others *Sharp-minded *Motivates oneself *Does not appreciates praises *High-spirited *Deep love and emotions *Hardworking *High abilities *Trustworthy *Honest and keeps secrets *Not able to control emotions *Unpredictable

DECEMBER: Loyal and generous *Patriotic *Active in games and interactions *Impatient and hasty *Ambitious *Fun to be with *Loves to socialize *Loves praises *Loves attention *Honest and trustworthy *Not pretending *Short tempered *Changing personality *Not egoistic *Takes high pride in oneself *Hates restrictions *Loves to joke *Good sense of humor *Logical


Counting in Hindi, Indian system
0शुन्य
1इकाई
10दहाई
100सैंकड़ा
1000हज़ार
10000दस हज़ार
100000लाख
106दस लाख
107करोड़
108दस करोड़
109अरब
1010दस अरब
1011खरब
1012दस खरब
1013नील
1014दस नील
1015पद्म
1016 दस पद्म
1017 शंख
1018दस शंख
1019 महाशंख

Words and number of occurrences in Indian Constitution

Words and number of occurrences in Indian Consitution

Contact us
Disclaimers and Policies

The content on CFDyna.com is being constantly refined and improvised with on-the-job experience, testing, and training. Examples might be simplified to improve insight into the physics and basic understanding. Linked pages, articles, references, and examples are constantly reviewed to reduce errors, but we cannot warrant full correctness of all content.